In 2011, when the Kimberley Process (KP) certified diamonds linked to the killing of over 200 diamond miners by security forces in Zimbabwe, a key participant NGO, Global Witness, withdrew from the KP scheme stating:
“the KP’s refusal to evolve and address the clear links between diamonds, violence and tyranny has rendered it increasingly outdated.”
Also in 2011, the award-winning author and journalist, Rafael Marques de Morais, exposed hundreds of cases of murder, torture, mutilation, rape and corruption linked to the diamond industry.
His book Blood Diamonds: Corruption and Torture in Angola documented the link between generals in the Angolan military and government ministers, shareholders in mining companies and security companies that have committed atrocities in the diamond mining district of Lundas. (more…)
In 2015, the World Diamond Council proposed reforms that would broaden the definition of a “conflict diamond” to ban diamonds from “countries who flout human rights laws not just in mining areas but also in diamond trading centers” – but this proposal was blocked by Israel as it would be “disastrous…especially to Israel”.
Israel is the single biggest net beneficiary of the global diamond industry with net exports of $11 billion in 2104 – far higher than any African diamond-producing countries. (more…)